I2M Associates's Web Portal for Geoscientists
About this Portal 
Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Mineral Exploration Activities - General

12/9/2016 by mdc
Leger blogs that it occurred to him that there are probably investors and mining individuals who have no idea of US mining law or the history of the government involvement in mining. Over the years, the U.S. mining industry has been restricted in mine development and exploration due to increased government involvement in the form of mineral land withdrawals (wilderness areas), environmental restrictions (sage grouse habitat), added claim holding costs and BLM exploration regulations (5-acre land disturbance).

He provides the highlights of U.S. Mining history, and will see the progression of federal intrusion and the strangle-hold on the mining industry. However, he is hopeful that President-elect Donald Trump and his administration will review and relax these stifling burdens therefore revitalizing gold exploration and production.

A Good Beginning (Pre-1872)

Before 1872, the U.S. government encouraged mining. In the U.S., the mining practices started with the California Gold Rush of 1849. The miners, in each mining camp, made up their own rules and chose to essentially adopt Mexican mining law, then in effect in California. The Mexican law gave the right to mine to the first one to discover the mineral deposit and begin mining it. The area that could be claimed by one person was limited to that which could be mined by a single individual or a small group.

At this time in history, no federal laws governed the acquisition of mining rights, and the government policy was to encourage transfers of public land to private citizens if they could put it to "appropriate" use.

The Feds established the Mining Law of 1872, but the states retained control.

The major US federal law governing locatable minerals is the Mining Law of 1872 (passed May 10, 1872), which declared all valuable mineral deposits in lands belonging to the United States to be free and open to exploration and purchase.

Read on ...

Resource thumbnail
Open Resource  |  2016/12/09  |  193 Report Broken   Tell Friend

About this Portal