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Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses
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Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Zenyatta Ventures Ltd. has discovered the largest and very rare ultra high-purity Albany Graphite Deposit in Northern Ontario. The deposit contains the largest and only high purity hydrothermal (volcanic in nature) graphite mineralization being developed in the world.

High purity graphite is gaining prominence at a time when Zenyatta discovered a very rare hydrothermal graphite deposit, which can be upgraded with very good crystallinity without the use of aggressive acids and high temperature thermal treatment. Zenyatta has discovered an easy and environmentally friendly process t... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/12/11  |  209 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

June Javelosa opines that for Elon Musk, the Australian energy crisis is nothing that can not be sorted by installing 100 to 300 megawatts of battery storage. Granted, he does not have the storage set up just yet, but since he has been given the go signal to start building it, Musk is confident that his team can complete it in just 100 days.

Storms across Australia cause serious damage to infrastructure and a series of blackouts throughout the continent. This prompted energy companies to raise their rates to meet demand for electricity in the region. After Musk cousin, Lyndon Rive, ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/03/20  |  64 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

David Biello reports that fire ranks among humanity oldest and most powerful tools. Now the residue from all the oil and coal burned to power modern civilization may provide the best marker for the start of a new geologic epoch that highlights Homo sapiens world-changing impact, known as the Anthropocene, or new age of humans.

Soot is not the only potential marker. Other proposals include the radionuclide spike in the wake of the first atom bomb explosion in 1945 to a dip in CO2 levels around 1610 occasioned by the mass deaths that followed European arrival in North and South Americ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/05/28  |  138 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Katherine Bourzac reports that graphene, a form of carbon that is just one atom thick, does have truly superlative electronic, optical, and mechanical properties. But some applications envisioned for graphene, such as in computers, are appearing to be unrealistic. Nonetheless, the material may become a key component in flexible electronic displays, high-energy batteries, and other products.

Some of the graphene best properties are mechanical. It is flexible and stretchy.
In 2008, researchers at Columbia University showed that graphene was the strongest material ever tested. Re... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/04/12  |  151 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Jocelyn Aspa reports that graphene is widely regarded as the wonder material of the 21st century. The 2D material was first produced in 2004, when two professors at the University of Manchester used Scotch tape to peel flakes of graphene off a chunk of graphite. The material is a crystalline allotrope of carbon, a characteristic it shares with diamonds and graphite. Put simply, all three are made up of carbon atoms that are bonded together in different ways. For instance, graphite consists of carbon atoms bonded together in sheets of a hexagonal lattice, while graphene is made up of a single s... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/05/09  |  42 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Charlotte McLeod reports that despite its exciting applications, graphene is not currently widely used, and cost is a key reason why. Researchers are understandably excited about the many desirable and unique properties of graphene, and believe it has the potential to spur advances in a variety of sectors - from transport to medicine to electronics.

While the price of graphene has come down since 2010, when it reportedly cost tens of thousands of dollars to make a piece of graphene the size of a postage stamp, it remains expensive (though specific pricing data is hard to come by). <... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/11/04  |  216 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Title: Preliminary Geochemical, Microbiological, and Epidemiological Investigations into Possible Linkages between Lignite Aquifers, Pathogenic Microbes, and Kidney Disease in NW Louisiana, by Bunnell, J.E., et al., Open-File Report 03-374.
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2009/08/13  |  350 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Kate Kelland reports that in a discovery that experts say could revolutionize fuel cell technology, scientists in Britain have found that graphene, the thinnest, strongest and most impermeable material, can allow protons to pass through it.The researchers, led by the Nobel prize winner and discoverer of graphene Andre Geim of Manchester University, said their finding also raised the possibility that, in future, graphene membranes could be used to sieve hydrogen gas from the atmosphere to then generate electricity.

Graphene, the thinnest material on earth at just one atom thick, and ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/12/24  |  135 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Charlotte McLeod reports that graphite has a layered, planar structure, with carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb lattice. It is because of this unique structure that graphite has such a stellar combination of properties, for example, it is flexible, highly refractory, chemically alert and has high thermal and electrical conductivity.

Those characteristics allow graphite to be used in a variety of places, including brake linings, foundry operations, lubricants, refractory applications and steelmaking. However, not all graphite is suitable for all applications. Indeed, there are thre... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/04/19  |  167 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

The U.S. has recently ratified its climate agreement to lower carbon emissions regulations, and other countries around the world are doing the same. With that in mind a number of companies have been focusing on improving the value of low-rank brown coal or lignite coal.

These companies take varying approaches, but in general, the main goal is to remove moisture and pollutants, raising the coal calorific value to be more in line with that of high-grade coal. That potential change in calorific value is in itself a strong incentive to upgrade coal, but there are environmental considera... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/09/14  |  157 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Morag McGreevey presents a collection of articles from 3D Printing Investing News to help new investors in this market. 3D printing, also known as additive manufacturing, came about in the 1980s. At that time, it was mostly used for industrial manufacturing, but it has since evolved and spread into different areas ... even the medical industry. A variety of materials can now be used in 3D printing, including plastic, wood, metal, nylon, graphene, and hundreds of other materials like human cells. And while there are many different 3D printer types, all create 3D objects by building layer by lay... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/11/18  |  242 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

The Carbonfund.org seeks a cleaner & healthier environment & protects against the adverse effects of climate change by educating the public about the issues & facts of climate change, promoting a market-based, cost-effective carbon trading system.
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2009/08/13  |  465 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

I2M WP covers 3D printing (and graphite, graphene, etc) because of their application to off-world activities and needs. One company, Nano Dimension, is leading the transformation of 3D printed electronics with a focus on the multi-billion-dollar market for professional printed circuit boards (PCBs), the circuits that make electronics work.

Their DragonFly 2020 3D Printer brings together an extremely precise inkjet 3D printer, advanced nanoparticle inks and sophisticated software to enable ultra-rapid prototyping of complex, multilayer PCBs. This allows designers and engineers to pr... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/02/16  |  89 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Graphite will be the largest input raw material for Tesla. Should the company choose natural graphite, it would require as much as 126,000 tonnes of flake graphite each year in the form of 50,000 tonnes of the battery-grade material, spherical graphite. An old airfield in Reno, Nevada is rumored to be the favored site for the Gigafactory. This is an increase of 152 per cent on current battery demand for the mineral. It equates to six new graphite mines on the basis of the current 30,000 tpa mine size average and the yield of suitable material gained from the mine. Graphite both natural and syn... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/06/03  |  223 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Edmonds, M., and C. Manning (2017) report that carbon is one of the most important elements on Earth. Its distribution on and in Earth affects the global climate system, the origin and evolution of life, and the types and availability of energy resources. The geological cycling of carbon, driven by plate tectonics over long timescales, is the main factor influencing the size of the Earth shallow carbon reservoirs. Until recently, however, a fragmented understanding of how much carbon resides in the deep Earth, its form, and how it moves between deep and shallow reservoirs.

Deep carb... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/02/28  |  52 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

A simple, inexpensive spray method that deposits a graphene film can heal manufacturing defects and produce a high quality graphene layer on a range of substrates, researchers claim. The study conducted by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and Korea University - is available online in Advanced Functional Materials.

Graphene is strong, transparent, and an excellent conductor of electricity with potential in a wide range of applications, such as reinforcing and lending electrical properties to plastics; creating denser and faster integrated circuits; and building be... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/06/03  |  259 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Priscila Barrera reports that she profiles graphite companies that are listed on those exchanges and that had a market capitalization of less than $15 million as of February 10, 2017.

Berkwood Resources
Market cap .... $4.07 million

Berkwood Resources is a junior exploration company with several key projects, but its flagship project is its Lac Gueret graphite project in Quebec. It has a total area of 7,767 hectares and consists of 144 claims in two blocks ... the Lac Gueret East Block and the Lac Gueret South Block.

Canada Strategic Metals
Market ca... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/02/15  |  78 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Ben Hirschler reports that scientists have found a way to power electronic skin using solar energy in a further step towards the development of prosthetic limbs or robots with a sense of touch. Teams around the world are working to develop flexible versions of synthetic skin that can feel by mimicking the different kinds of sensory receptors found in human skin.

Powering such systems is a challenge, but now researchers at the University of Glasgow School of Engineering have developed a way to use graphene, an ultra-thin form of carbon, to generate electricity via solar power.
<... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/03/28  |  43 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Layers of graphene separated by nanotube pillars of boron nitride may be a suitable material to store hydrogen fuel in cars, according to Rice University scientists. The Department of Energy has set benchmarks for storage materials that would make hydrogen a practical fuel for light-duty vehicles.The Rice lab of materials scientist Rouzbeh Shahsavari determined in a new computational study that pillared boron nitride and graphene could be a candidate.

The Shahsavari lab had already determined through computer models how tough and resilient pillared graphene structures would be, and ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/10/31  |  125 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

AZoNano reports that the unique and valuable properties of graphene, a wonder material consisting of carbon noted for its strength and electrical conductivity, are being investigated by Masdar Institute researchers to help advance technologies of relevance to strategic local industries like oil and gas and desalination.

The graphene market is still relatively new and in the early stages of development with only a few products being commercialized to date. However, strong growth of graphene and other related 2-dimensional materials is expected due to superior strength, weight, conduc... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/08/11  |  124 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Fiona MacDonald reports that researchers in the UK have achieved a major turning point in the quest for efficient desalination by announcing the invention of a graphene-oxide membrane that sieves salt out of seawater.

There are already several major desalination plants around the world using polymer-based membranes to filter out salt, but the process is still largely inefficient and expensive, so finding a way to make it quicker, cheaper, and easier is a huge goal for researchers.

Thanks to climate change, seawater is something there will plenty of in the future, Greenla... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/04/04  |  53 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

What may be the ultimate heat sink is only possible because of yet another astounding capability of graphene. The one-atom-thick form of carbon can act as a go-between that allows vertically aligned carbon nanotubes to grow on nearly anything. That includes diamonds. A diamond film/graphene/nanotube structure was one result of new research carried out by scientists at Rice University and the Honda Research Institute USA, reported today in the Nature online journal Scientific Reports.

The heart of the research is the revelation that when graphene is used as a middleman, surfaces cons... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/06/11  |  262 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Simon Rees reports that at the 1855 Exposition Universelle in Paris a wondrous new metal wowed the crowds ... aluminum. The enthusiasm surrounding it belied the decades of research taken to reach that point, with the big breakthrough occurring when Henri-Etienne Sainte-Claire Deville started producing the material on a commercial scale.

However, aluminum proved phenomenally expensive. French Emperor Napoleon III is said to have honored special dinner guests by providing them with aluminium cutlery. Everyone else had to make do with gold or silver.

The price only fell with... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/02/04  |  140 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Myles McCormick reports that in the wake of the publication of an article in the U.S. media last week, Industrial Mins canvassed members of the graphite industry for reactions. Feelings were mixed. A trace of graphite is in consumer tech. In these Chinese villages, it is everywhere, began the article in the Washington Post in early October.

As part of a series looking at the darker side of battery mineral production, the U.S. newspaper ran a piece entitled ... In your phone, in their air, investigating issues of pollution in China graphite industry. The Post visited various Chinese ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/11/08  |  115 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Coal / Lignite, Graphite, Graphene, and Carbon Uses

Paul Hackley, Project Chief, U.S. Geological Survey, reports that organic petrology research is used to understand and predict the behavior of coal in utilization and/or thermal maturity of petroleum-source rocks, and to understand and predict hydrocarbon generation.

Other important themes of organic petrology research include the impact of coal composition on coalbed gas generation and storage. Research in the U.S.Geological Survey Organic Petrology Laboratory at the National Center in Reston includes all of these themes.... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/09/23  |  176 Report Broken   Tell A Friend
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