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Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology
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Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

After work by Arthur C. Clarke in 1945, and after Russian work in 1960, Jerome Pearson at the U.S. Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, in Ohio published in Acta Astronautica, Vol. 2., pp. 785-799, by Pergamon Press in 1975 the results of his investigation on the theoretical possibility of constructing a tower to connect a geostationary satellite to the ground. The orbital tower could be built only by overcoming the three problems of buckling, strength, and dynamic stability. The buckling problem could be solved by building the tower outward from the geostatio... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/10/18  |  144 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Dom Galeon reports that NASA estimates there are more than 500,000 pieces of debris currently floating at speeds of up to 28,162 km/h (17,500 mph) around the Earth. Two such pieces of space debris crashed in Myanmar recently that are likely either parts from an aircraft, a missile, a fallen satellite, or Tiangong-1.

A mining facility in northern Myanmar became the crash site of a huge piece of space debris last Thursday. As the impact occurred, a smaller piece of debris with Chinese markings on it simultaneously destroyed the roof of a house in a nearby village. Fortunately, no one ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/11/14  |  61 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The Space Tech Conference agenda will examine how military and government organizations can deliver space missions by working closely with the commercial sector to leverage the latest innovative technologies and business models. The conference also takes a deep dive into the rapidly evolving space-to-space market and offers specific sessions examining the plethora of on-orbit services and technologies emerging.

On May 26, Space Tech Expo announced a series of free-to-attend requirements presentations to be held in the exhibition hall, enabling all attendees to benefit from this inv... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/05/06  |  90 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

SpaceX designs, manufactures, and launches the worlds most advanced rockets and spacecraft. The company was founded in 2002 by Elon Musk to revolutionize space transportation, with the ultimate goal of enabling people to live on other planets. Today, SpaceX is advancing the boundaries of space technology through its Falcon launch vehicles and Dragon spacecraft.

SpaceXs proven designs are poised to revolutionize access to space. Because SpaceX designs and manufactures its own rockets and spacecraft, the company is able to develop quickly, test rigorously, and maintain tight control ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/05/26  |  155 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Sonter asserts in his paper that future large scale commercial activities in space will require raw materials obtained from in-space sources rather than from Earth, to overcome the high cost of Earth launch. The Sonter paper reviews the protectiveness of non-terrestrial resources and notes the competitiveness of Near-Earth-Asteroids c.f. the Moon and Phobos or Deimos in terms of accessibility and likely resources. Astronomical work over the last fifteen years has increased the number of known Near Earth Asteroids - NEAs - from about 30 to about 400. Discovery rate of NEAs is now about 50 per y... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/08/13  |  115 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

A paper presented at 49th International Astronautical Federation Congress, Sept 28 - Oct 2, 1998, Melbourne, Australia. An overview of the technologies to be employed in the recovery of asteroidal resources and the economics behind the planning.

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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2009/09/05  |  415 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Dr. Conca opines that investing in a backup planet might be a good idea, given what has been happening on Earth lately. The cost would only be a little over $20 trillion, but some nice real estate just came on the market. The discovery of seven Earth-like planets orbiting a nearby star has really gotten everyone thinking about space colonization again. Found by NASA orbiting Spitzer Space Telescope and the ground-based TRAPPIST Telescope, there seems to be at least seven Earth-sized planets orbiting the star TRAPPIST-1.

The biggest surprise is that three or four of these planets ar... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/03/01  |  36 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

In space, one resource above all others is expensive and without cheap access to it, growth is limited. Fuel is the catalyst for rapid expansion into every frontier in history, and has been cheap and locally available. And in space, access to rocket fuel is currently neither cheap, nor local... but it is nonetheless available out there.

On the Moon and on asteroids, abundant quantities of hydrogen and oxygen are available to create rocket fuel, the same material used by the Space Shuttle. This allows companies like Vivisat to fuel spacetugs that will be used to keep satellites in th... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/06/10  |  114 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Ian Crawford, et al., report that to date, all human economic activity has depended on the resources of a single planet, and it has long been recognized that developments in space exploration could in principle open our closed planetary economy to external resources of energy and raw materials.

Recently, there has been renewed interest in these possibilities, with several private companies established with the stated aim of exploiting extraterrestrial resources. Space science and exploration are among the potential beneficiaries of space resources because their use may permit the c... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/06/14  |  127 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Ethan Siegel reports that for a long time, he thought the Solar System was the template for the planets to be found in the Universe. Inner, rocky worlds dominate the hottest part of the Solar System, with large, gaseous planets orbiting much farther out.

The largest rocky planet was Earth. The smallest gas giant was Uranus. The mass difference between the two was a factor of 17, with Uranus having four times Earth radius. So it was quite a surprise when exoplanet discoveries started rolling in.

Not only can planets of various sizes and masses appear anywhere in a solar ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/02/26  |  35 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The House science committee carved out two hours of time on Wednesday to discuss the search for extraterrestrial life. Because the House has just seven days of work left before the end of the year, this hearing idea has generated some pretty harsh criticism. But laments about an unproductive Congress finding time to look for aliens of all things are sadly misguided. This hearing is a great idea, and it is doing something remarkable, getting the Republican-led, scientifically challenged committee to seriously discuss an important field of research and the funding needed to keep it going.... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/12/10  |  169 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Andrew Follett reports that Deep Space Industries (DSI) announced Tuesday it intends to launch a mineral survey probe to an asteroid sometime next year. DSI probe will rendezvous with a near-Earth asteroid by 2020, then map the object to determine its value for mineral mining. DSI wants to follow up its survey up with the first commercial interplanetary mining mission.

As a first step towards expanding the free market into space, DSI Prospector will fulfill a critical role of not only providing metallurgical analysis of a target mining asteroid, but do so primarily under the impetus... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/08/15  |  63 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Abby Norman and Karla Lant opine that NASA current plans, first outlined in 2010 and later in 2015, place humans on the red planet in the 2030s. They are currently developing the necessary capabilities to make it happen in tandem with other agencies and private companies. NASA is collaborating with private innovators, like engineering professor Behrokh Khoshnevis, to 3D print structures on the Moon with the eventual goal of creating similar structures that can withstand the radiation of the Martian atmosphere.

Elon Musk sees colonizing Mars as a necessity, and SpaceX has a congruent... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/03/15  |  23 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Katherine Mcalpine reports that in findings that could change the way industries like nuclear energy and aerospace look for materials that can stand up to radiation exposure, University of Michigan researchers have discovered that metal alloys with three or more elements in equal concentrations can be remarkably resistant to radiation-induced swelling.

The big problem faced by metals bombarded with radiation at high temperatures, such as the metals that make up nuclear fuel cladding, is that they have a tendency to swell up significantly. They can even double in size.

Fir... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/12/20  |  50 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

David Brown reports in Atlantic that last week, upon leaving the president-elect office, Douglas Brinkley, a historian and conservationist, reported that Trump was very interested in a man going to the moon.

The principal arguments for a moon base involve mines and building fuel depots. Though the moon lacks the resources to ever be truly self-sustaining (?), it only takes a few days to reach from Earth. If the U.S. decides that the goal of human spaceflight should be to gather resources, the moon and its quarry of helium-3 will be a compelling target. The isotope is extremely rare ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/01/14  |  47 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The first of two NASA spacecraft to study the moon in unprecedented detail has entered lunar orbit. A spacecraft successfully completed its planned main engine burn at 2 p.m. PST Saturday, according to NASA's Gravity Recovery And Interior Laboratory (GRAIL). The spacecraft are on a mission to map lunar gravity in unprecedented detail, shedding light on the moon's composition, formation and evolution. Scientists will use the twin probes' measurements to construct extremely accurate maps of the lunar gravity field. These maps, in turn, should reveal the moon's structure in great detail, allowing... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2011/12/31  |  175 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Cecilia Jamasmie reports that after months of deliberation, the U.S. Congress has unanimously passed a legislation that establishes legal rights for citizens to own resources in outer space, which would ease asteroid mining companies plans. Until now, there was no legislature clarifying issues such as whether resources mined from celestial bodies could be sold on Earth, or what would happen if someone other than a base-owner needs or wants to land there .... a key requirement for asteroid mining ventures such as Planetary Resources.

Many years from now, we will view this pivotal mom... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/11/17  |  112 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Dom Galeon and Jolene Creighton report that both chambers of Congress just passed the NASA Authorization Act of 2017. With this transformative development, the space agency got a lot more than just $19.508 billion in funding. They also got a very clear mandate ... Get humanity to Mars !

To be clear, Mars has been in the works for some time. However, the 2017 Act places a strong emphasis on this goal, making it the focal point of NASA long-term plans. In the document, congress asserts that the space agency is to get humans near or on the surface of Mars in the 2030s. Opposition to th... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/03/12  |  19 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Dr. Scott Pace testified to the U.S. Senate that while space touches every aspect of modern life, he focused on human space exploration, as that topic is the one whose future is most in doubt today. This is unfortunate, as human space activities are among the most interdisciplinary of enterprises, requiring skills from every field of geoscientific and technical endeavor. Their successful accomplishment requires a degree of systems engineering skill found only in the most complex and demanding programs.        

The ability and willingness of ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/11/12  |  64 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Henry Lazenby reports that space-mining pioneers have welcomed the historic unanimous passing of the Space Act of 2015, as amended, in the U.S. Senate recently, recognising the right of U.S. citizens to own asteroid resources they obtain as property and encouraging commercial exploration and recovery of resources from asteroids, free from harmful interference.

The legislation, HR 2262, created a pro-growth environment for the development of the commercial space industry by encouraging private sector investment and ensuring a more stable and predictable regulatory regime. This law w... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/11/15  |  114 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The UN International Seabed Authority (ISA) has opened up massive new regions of the ocean floor for mining companies to search for and dig up valuable minerals including copper, gold and manganese by issuing seven new exploration licences. State-owned and private companies from the UK, Germany, India, Brazil, Singapore and Russia are among those to benefit.

Seabed Resources, an English subsidiary of the US defense giant Lockheed Martin, has secured exploration rights to an area larger than the entire UK, likely to perfect remote mining techniques and technology for off-world one da... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/07/25  |  136 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Todd Jaquith opines that one of the most pressing questions in science ... is there alien life somewhere out there within the universe, the type of terrestrial critters that we already know? We are still searching for the answer, but it seems that each day brings word of some new exoplanetary discovery that may at last resolve the issue. Our technology has evolved to the point where we can now detect Earth-sized (note the distinction between Earth-sized and Earth-like) exoplanets residing in the habitable zones of their parent stars.

But are we restricting ourselves unnecessarily, w... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/02/16  |  32 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Space Apps is an international hackathon that occurs over 48 hours in cities around the world. Coders, scientists, designers, storytellers, makers, builders, technologists, and everyone interested about space come together to address challenges we face on Earth and in Space.

You are invited to become a part of this exciting, collaborative scientific exploration, as they unleash NASA data to problem solvers across the globe. Join us on April 29-30 for the 2017 International Space Apps Challenge, with challenges to better understand our home planet, Earth.

Last year hackat... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/03/22  |  20 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

We now have Moon rocks collected from eight different places on the Moon. The six Apollo landings: 382 kilograms (843 pounds) and 2,000 separate samples. Two Soviet spacecraft named Luna-16 and Luna-20 returned 130 grams (five ounces).

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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2009/08/13  |  225 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Michael Lemonick reports that the amazing part is not so much that there is water on Mars, because scientists have known for years that the life-giving liquid flowed freely and abundantly across the Martian surface billions of years ago, and that water in the form of ice still exists in reasonable quantities at the planet poles. But these sandy particles were blown here from all over Mars before settling to the ground. This one sample, therefore, tells us that the water Leshin team found is spread pretty much everywhere on the planet. No matter where astronauts eventually land, they will be ab... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/12/01  |  151 Report Broken   Tell A Friend
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