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Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology
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Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Since its inception, the US human spaceflight program has grown from launching a single man into orbit to an ongoing space presence involving numerous crew members. As the US space program evolves, propelled in part by increasing international and commercial collaborations, long duration or exploration spaceflights - such as extended stays on the International Space Station or missions to Mars - become more realistic. These types of missions will likely expose crews to levels of known risk that are beyond those allowed by current health standards, as well as to a range of risks that are poorly... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/07/01  |  103 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Helium is the second lightest and second most abundant element in the observable universe where it makes up about 24 per cent of the total elemental mass. This mass is more than 12 times greater than the mass of all the heavier elements combined. Most helium in the universe is helium-4 and is believed to have been created in the Big Bang and during fusion reactions in stars. Despite this abundance, helium, the lightest of the noble gases, is rare in the Earth's atmosphere making only about 0.00054 per cent of the volume or 5.2 parts per trillion. Most of the local helium was created by the na... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/12/07  |  216 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The idea of harvesting a clean and efficient form of energy from the Moon has stimulated science fiction and fact in recent decades. Unlike Earth, which is protected by its magnetic field, the Moon has been bombarded with large quantities of Helium-3 by the solar wind for billions of years. It is thought that this isotope could provide safer nuclear energy in a fusion reactor, since it is not radioactive and would not produce dangerous waste products.

Apollo geologist, Harrison Schmidt, has repeatedly made the argument for Helium-3 mining, while Gerald Kulcinski at the University of... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/11/20  |  132 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The staff at Planetary Resources say that when traditional mining companies evaluate a potential mining target, they have many general things in mind:

1. Is it technically feasible? 2. How much will it cost? 3. How much risk is involved, and 4. Will it yield a profitable return?

But the details get more challenging in choosing an asteroid target to explore for possible mining in space. The goals are the same, but the variables can be much different, and more difficult to assess.

An ore is any material that can be recovered from a mining or drilling site and sol... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/08/28  |  159 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Louis Friedman opines in his new book, Human Spaceflight - From Mars to the Stars, that humans will become a multi-planet species by making it to Mars, but no farther. That is, humans will never travel beyond Mars. Some find this to be negative - an absolute statement of limits and thus of giving up. His job in the book is to prove the opposite... that humans will explore the universe, but via nanotechnology robotics, bio-molecular engineering, and artificial intelligence.

Tom Paine, NASA administrator at the height of the Apollo program, had a clear idea about the goal of human sp... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/11/17  |  122 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The global resources industry is a constantly evolving industry, and it is now entering a new age of technological development. Mining is currently seeing the start of what will be the great convergence of IT and operational technologies.

Many observers have indicated that robotics is at the foundation for the next technological change in the mining industry, which will be focused on an effort to facilitate productivity gains, efficiency and safety.

A study by consulting firm McKinsey showed that multi-factor productivity was growing up until 2005, but it dropped 0.7% per... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/06/09  |  135 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Tyagarajan S opines that Professor Udupi Ramachandra Rao, better known as U R Rao, is one of the key architects of India space program. He has worked alongside the likes of Dr Vikram Sarabhai, Dr Homi Bhabha and professor Satish Dhawan. As chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) between 1984 to 1994, he built the Indian space program, brick by brick, starting from the Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle (ASLV) to internationalizing India most successful launcher, Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). He drove the launch of India first satellite, Aryabhata, and followed it up with... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/03/30  |  19 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Space law is an area of the law that encompasses national and international law governing activities in outer space. The inception of the field of space law began with the launch in October 1957 of the world first artificial satellite, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic Sputnik. Since then, space law has evolved and assumed more importance as humankind has increasingly come to use and rely on space-based resources.

The International Institute of Space Law (IISL) was founded in 1960. The purposes and objectives of the Institute include the cooperation with appropriate internation... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/03/26  |  22 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The International Space Elevator Consortium (ISEC) promotes the development, construction and operation of a Space Elevator (SE) as a revolutionary and efficient way to space for all humanity. We are made up of organizations and individuals from all around the world who share a vision of humanity in space.

The idea for an organization like ISEC has been discussed for years but it was not until the Space Elevator Conference in Redmond, Washington in July of 2008 that things became serious. Interest and enthusiasm for the SE reached critical mass at this Conference and, with additiona... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/07/01  |  226 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Welcome to the December, 2015 edition of the ISEC eNewsletter.

This month's President's Corner talks about why our President is so 'pumped' about space elevators, why you should be too and what you can do to help further this effort.

ISEC is also very pleased to announce the inaugural issue of Via Ad Astra (Road to the Stars), the Space Elevator magazine - a new publication which should appeal to anyone who is interested in science and new ideas.

This issue also contains information about "Sky Line", a new space elevator movie recently released as par... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/02/06  |  109 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Tom Metcalfe reports that astronomers recently announced strong evidence of an Earth-like alien planet around Proxima Centauri, the star closest to our sun, making it the closest exoplanet found to date. Though the star system is our cosmic neighbor, it is still located 4.2 light-years, or 25 trillion miles, away from Earth. At such distances, could we ever visit the newfound planet?

Even the nearest stars would takes tens of thousands of years to reach using conventional spacecraft, such as the robotic probes being used now to explore the solar system. These spacecraft are driven b... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/01/30  |  44 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Cathy W. Swan reports that in October 2014, Scott Hubbard and she asked Dr. Peter Swan if he would like to be a guest editor for a special edition of the New Space journal. Dr. Swan specializes in space elevators and had completed a study on the topic for the International Academy of Astronautics in 2013. We asked if he could assemble a suite of articles for the New Space journal that could tell a comprehensive story about space elevators to our readers.

The products of his efforts and of the authors with whom he works are presented in this issue. The issue contains a historic over... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/01/21  |  98 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

International Space Exploration Coordination Group(ISECG) Report of September, 2013 reports that more than fifty years of human activity in space have produced societal benefits that improve the quality of life on Earth. The first satellites, designed to study the space environment and test initial capabilities in Earth orbit, contributed critical knowledge and capabilities for developing satellite telecommunications, global positioning, and advances in weather forecasting. Space exploration initiated the economic development of space that today, year after year, delivers high returns for inve... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/09/20  |  188 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Speculations on the K, U, and Th behavior in the Martian environments show that aeolian and aqueous processes leads to the accumulation of these elements in the fine dust material.
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2009/09/05  |  217 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

KosmoKurs is engaged in the creation of reusable sub-orbital space complex for tourist flights into space. Reusable sub-orbital space complex consists of a reusable suborbital launch vehicle and reusable suborbital spacecraft, designed to provide a wide space tour to the height of the Gagarin orbit on an open path.

Permission to participate in the cosmic trips bidder will receive after a three-day training and medical examination. Space tourists will be offered a flight duration of 15 minutes in a group of six tourists, in which every tourist will be able to be in a state of weight... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/03/27  |  23 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The National Research Council (NRC) has been conducting decadal surveys in the Earth and space sciences since 1964, and released the latest five surveys in the past 5 years, four of which were only completed in the past 3 years. Lessons Learned in Decadal Planning in Space Science is the summary of a workshop held in response to unforeseen challenges that arose in the implementation of the recommendations of the decadal surveys. This report takes a closer look at the decade survey process and how to improve this essential tool for strategic planning in the Earth and space sciences.... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/08/27  |  132 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Space travel as the bloggers know it is plagued by a few problems, most of which boil down to striking a balance between speed and time. The faster one travels, the more energy one needs. Without gravitational assists, that means more fuel will be required, and that has to be carried somehow. Faster speeds, required to reach long distances in a reasonable timeframe, also mean more difficulty slowing down.

So far, New Horizons is the fastest spacecraft ever in terms of launch velocity. Its launch speed was about 58,000 km per hr. After a flyby of Jupiter, New Horizons picked up a gra... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/03/22  |  23 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Ragnarsdottir and Sverdrup opine that in 1971, at the request of the Club of Rome, an MIT systems engineering professor Jay Forrester developed a model for the future economy, showing that a resource crisis could be imminent. Aurelio Peccei, an Italian economist and industrialist and former boss of FIAT and Olivetti, realized that a more comprehensive study was needed to address the interplay between three factors exponential population growth, global resources and environmental pollution.

But the worldwide debate soon became derailed, because LTG suggested curbing economic growth... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/10/18  |  147 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Space is a demanding environment. But with systems built by Lockheed Martin, space is where the future takes flight, through partnerships that raise global communications, weather forecasting, space exploration and national security to new levels. Delivering vital space capabilities is all a question of how. And it is the how that makes all the difference.

Space Systems Company designs, develops, tests, manufactures and operates a full spectrum of advanced-technology systems for national security, civil and commercial customers. Chief products include human space flight systems; a ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/05/28  |  187 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Alice Gorman reports that with India and China planning lunar surface missions, privately-funded space entrepreneurs competing for the US40 million dollars Google Lunar X Prize and discussions around lunar mining intensifying, working out what to do with our moon cultural heritage is becoming urgent.

In an article in the journal Science today, space lawyers Henry Hertzfeld and Scott Pace propose a multilateral agreement at the highest international level, initially between the US and Russia, but open to other moon-faring entities such as China, India and the European Space Agency - ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/09/04  |  108 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Lunar Atlas from the Lunar and Planetary Institute, a NASA-funded institute in Houston, Texas.
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Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) is refining our understanding of the distribution and concentration of metals in lunar basalts, as well as thorium and uranium associated with silicic volcanic domes. Broad areas of the regolith having high concentrations of KREEP (potassium, REEs, and phosphorus) are associated with late-stage magmatic outflows concentrated in Oceanus Procellarum. However, recent LRO data also indicate up to 55 ppm thorium in farside feldspathic terrains that were formerly thought to have low thorium content. Further, the availability of REEs and energy minerals, such as... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2012/07/10  |  322 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The CATALYST program is a wonderful opportunity, say officials at lunar-mining hopeful, Moon Express of Mountain View, California, which paid for access to NASA facilities when designing an X Prize entry. We anticipate CATALYST will lead to delivery of payloads and missions to the lunar surface in the same way that commercial transport services to the space station have, says Moon Express CEO Bob Richards.

Public-private partnerships have proven their worth in low Earth orbit, so this is a step in the right direction, agrees Mike Gold, director of Bigelow Aerospace in Las Vegas, Nev... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/02/07  |  193 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

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Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Lunar Station is the newest entrant into the New Space private sector. Lunar Station has three objectives ...

First, bring a better understanding of the Moon surface via orbital reconnaissance,

Second, expand our understanding of the Moon resources from the lunar surface with landers and rovers, and

Third. deploy our Resource Processing Robots on the Moon surface to gather, process and supply resources for others.

Lunar Station is strategically focused on being the water and air vendor of choice for upcoming manned missions to the Moon. We are li... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/05/22  |  8 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Luxembourg is the first European country to set out a formal legal framework which ensures that private operators working in space can be confident about their rights to the resources they extract, i.e. valuable resources from asteroids. Such a legal framework will be worked out in full consideration of international law. The Grand-Duchy aims to participate with other nations in all relevant fora in order to agree on a mutually beneficial international framework.

The Luxembourg Government announced a series of measures to position Luxembourg as a European hub in the exploration and ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/11/03  |  70 Report Broken   Tell A Friend
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