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Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology
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Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

An online preview of the 2006 book by astronaut Harrison Schmitt. The preview allows access to a significant portion of the text. Former NASA Astronaut Harrison Schmitt advocates a private, investor-based approach to returning humans to the Moon—to extract Helium 3 for energy production, to use the Moon as a platform for science and manufacturing, and to establish permanent human colonies there in a kind of stepping stone community on the way to deeper space. With governments playing a supporting role—just as they have in the development of modern commerc... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2009/09/05  |  241 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Doug Messier ACCD (United Rocket and Space Corporation, is a state corporation Roscosmos) has signed an agreement with the company 3D Bioprinting Solutions, a resident of Skolkovo innovation center, the cooperation within the framework of which it is planned to create a unique bioprinter magnetic biofabrikatsii tissue and organ constructs in weightlessness on the International Space Station (ISS).

The document was signed by General Director of ACCD Yuri Vlasov and General Director of 3D Bioprinting Solutions Michael Bakanov. The scientific part of the project will be in charge Profe... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/09/10  |  105 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Gardea, et al., suggest that a 100 km-scale, circular region in the Archaean North Atlantic Craton centered at 65.15 N, 51.50 W near Maniitsoq town in West Greenland comprises a set of highly unusual geological features that were created during a single event involving intense crushing and heating and are incompatible with crustal orogenic processes. The presently exposed features of the Maniitsoq structure were buried 20 to 25 km below the surface when this event occurred at around 3 Ga, during a waning convergent orogeny.

These features include a large aeromagnetic anomaly, a cen... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2012/07/11  |  307 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

In May 1961, just as Kennedy had decided that NASA should put the U.S. on the moon, the U.S. Air Force released a secret report, summarizing the result of years of planning to place a military base on the moon by 1967. As you read through the Lunex project report, it is interesting to note the following.

1. If Project Lunex had been pursued instead of Apollo, the U.S. would have ended the sixties with a launch vehicle very similar to the Shuttle, solid rocket boosters, a Lox by LH2 core, a lifting re-entry vehicle.

2. This clearly could have provided a better basis for f... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/08/06  |  93 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

A 2008 report from the National Academies Press. Impact on power systems throughout the world.
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2009/12/15  |  206 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

SOTI make images of heat. Image are made with your smartphone camera by taking visible light reflecting off the objects you want to image, and then that light comes into a lens, it is focused on a sensor, and an image is delivered. SOTI do the same thing with heat coming from the object. We have been thermal imaging for close to 25 years, since the first solid-state thermal imagers were introduced. You might wonder how do you focus heat? What kind of sensor detects heat? How do you display heat? All good questions.

Just as in any science or technology, there are armies of brilli... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/02/11  |  130 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Results obtained during the SELENE mission of exploration not only suggest the presence of water ice in the dark craters on the Moon but also indicate that anomalously high uranium, thorium, and iron may be present, which together infer that certain other strategic commodities may be present as well. Uranium appears to be present in significant concentrations over a wide area in Procellarum KREEP Terrain and perhaps in the South Pole Aitken Basin, likely as near-surface remnants of asteroid impacts in the areas. Similar anomalies on Earth would receive serious attention by uranium and other mi... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/03/31  |  240 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Richard V. Morris, et al., report that tridymite, a SiO2 mineral that crystallizes at low pressures and high temperatures (greater than 870 degrees C) from high-SiO2 materials, was detected at high concentrations in a sedimentary mudstone in Gale crater on Mars.

Mineralogy and abundance were determined by X-ray diffraction using the Chemistry and Mineralogy instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity. Terrestrial tridymite is commonly associated with silicic volcanism where high temperatures and high-silica magmas prevail, so this occurrence is the first in-situ mine... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/07/03  |  127 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) is a unique forum where the governments of 30 democracies work together to address the economic, social and environmental challenges of globalization.

The OECD is also at the forefront of efforts to understand and to help governments
respond to new developments and concerns, such as corporate governance, the
information economy and the challenges of an ageing population. The Organisation
provides a setting where governments can compare policy experiences, seek answers to
common problems, identify g... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/05/22  |  43 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Bruce Dorminey opines that the modular tin cans that took us to the moon and back, and have kept us in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) ever since, will eventually be superseded by full-scale space cities. A space architect and Program Manager for Solar System Mission Formulation at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Brent Sherwood, spends much of his time considering the scope of a permanent human migration into the solar system.

In terms of architecture and scale, arguably such a transition will be akin to the difference between setting up an isolated high-desert mobile home park and ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/05/14  |  138 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

A laser-powered robotic climber has won $900,000 in a competition designed to spur technology for a future elevator to space. Building a space elevator would require anchoring a cable on the ground near Earth equator and deploying the other end thousands of kilometers into space. The centrifugal force due to Earth spin would keep the cable taut so that a robot could climb it and release payloads into orbit.

Though building a space elevator might require an initial investment of billions of dollars, proponents say once constructed, it would make for cheaper trips into space than is p... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/01/30  |  171 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Sci-News.com is an independent source for the latest news on science, especially of interest to I2M Web Portal readers, space exploration for off-world mineral resources. Updated daily, Sci-News.com is brought to you by an international team of science editors and reporters.
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/12/17  |  207 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

The Space Frontier Foundation announced a new strategy and commitment to entrepreneurship in the space industry that will drive the nonprofit organization activities and initiatives over the next five years. The Foundation also added that as settlement of space becomes both achievable and inevitable, it is equally important that we advance environmental principles that ensure the intelligent management of space resources and planetary protection.

Our vision and commitment to opening the space frontier to human settlement remains the same, said Hannah Kerner, executive director of t... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/07/18  |  84 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Kiran Krishnan Nair suggests that Mars is unchartered, unknown and unearthly and yet attracts all of humanity. The hazards of the endeavor are overwhelmed by the hype and hope surrounding the enterprise. A variety of private individuals, commercial organisations and national space agencies are engrossed in efforts at landing and inhabiting Mars. However, these efforts are disjointed and there exists little or no coordination. The aspirations and hazards are immense, the resources scarce and costly. Consequently, left ungoverned, the potential for conflict and tragedy in space exploration is hi... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/01/12  |  269 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Dr. Conca says that at 21 miles long by 7 miles wide, Eros, a piece of a broken up planetoid, is the second-largest near-Earth asteroid. Some of them are tracked, but we do not track all hunks that are large enough to cause grave harm, i.e., several hundred feet, that could destroy a large city. Space seems to be falling all around us lately. A geologic chunk about 55 feet wide (17 meters wide) with a mass of about 10,000 tons entered Earth atmosphere two weeks ago near Chelyabinsk and exploded with a force 20 times that of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima in WWII. At the same time, another aster... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/11/21  |  183 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Space seems to be falling all around us lately. A geologic chunk about 55 feet wide (17 meters wide) with a mass of about 10,000 tons entered Earth atmosphere two weeks ago near Chelyabinsk, Russia and exploded with a force 20 times that of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima in WWII. At the same time, another asteroid, 150-foot-wide (45-meter-wide) passed within only 17,000 miles of Earth, inside the orbits of many of our satellites, that is, within our technology space, a virtual cosmic grazing. Not to worry, though, the smaller ones happen every century or so, but a big one does not happen for mi... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/05/05  |  212 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

China has launched Jade Rabbit, its first lunar rover set to explore the surface of the Moon hoping to find rare earth minerals in its crust. This launch could mark the successful soft landing of a third country on the moon, after United States and Russia.
Zhang Zhenshong, director of the Xichang Satellite Launch Center said that China will strive for our space dream as part of the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation. Professor Ouyang, from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said that China is looking at the potential natural resources the Moon likely holds. The Chinese spacecraft is equ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/03/15  |  288 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Elon Musk and his Dragon spacecraft, Richard Branson and his SpaceShipTwo, Paul Allen and his Stratolauncher, Jeff Bezos and his Blue Origin, Sierra Nevada and its Dream Chaser. And there is that slightly larger outfit known as the Peoples Republic of China, which is taking on space the way it has taken on pretty much everything else it has turned its attention to in the past 15 years and that means bigger, better and more ambitiously than anyone else on the block. Just this week, Branson gathered 300 of his citizen astronauts folks who have already plunked down deposits for $250,000 suborbita... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/12/01  |  178 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Mindy Weisberger reports that satellites orbiting Earth and other planets in the solar system travel at thousands of miles per hour, their missions spanning years or even decades. They were built to last on their own, but how might space agencies service them if parts break down, or if they run low on fuel?

That is where space robots come in, according to panelists speaking at Future Con, a convention held in Washington, D.C., where talks and exhibits explored the intersection of cutting-edge science with science fiction and popular culture. At a June 18 panel Robots in Space, NASA ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/06/27  |  23 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Cecille De Jesus reports that it takes between three to six months for a probe to reach Mars from Earth. A new concept space train called Solar Express is challenging that time frame ... it would, hypothetically, be able to transport people and cargo from earth to Mars in less than two days.

Imaginactive founder, Charles Bombardier, and his team aim to create Solar Express in a way were it could travel at around 1% the speed of light, which is 3,000 km (1,864 miles) per second. The concept started out with identifying what makes space travel expensive and inefficient. In space, the ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/09/26  |  86 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Ali Somarin blogs that many of the resources available on Earth at reasonable costs to produce are rapidly disappearing. Metals vital to technological and industrial processes, such as precious metals and strategic metals, including rare earth metals, are in short supply and have no known alternatives. The most accessible and profitable deposits may have been discovered already, leaving companies searching for new sources. It should be noted that new discoveries are still possible.

But not withstanding, several years ago, a novel, even if a seemingly far-fetched, solution was propos... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/09/12  |  205 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Ali Somarin blogged earlier that many of the earth resources are rapidly disappearing - Not true, Mr. Somarin - the cost to mine is increasing for rare earths but new technology may be changing that problem. Metals vital to technological and industrial processes, such as precious metals and strategic metals, including rare earth metals, are in short supply - No so, Somarin - there are plenty but at a higher cost, and have no known alternatives.

The most accessible and profitable deposits have been discovered already (Not True, Mr. Somarin - new discoveries are being reported all th... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/06/21  |  167 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

U.S. space law is codified in several laws beginning with the 1958 National Aeronautics and Space Act (NASA Act), signed into law on July 29, 1958. The NASA Act created NASA to conduct a U.S. civilian space program, with military space activities assigned to the Department of Defense (DOD). The Act has been amended several times over the decades. The current version is posted on the NASA history office website.

Five international treaties and five declarations and legal principles were developed through the U.N., which maintains an Office of Outer Space Affairs (OOSA) in Vienna, Au... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/12/17  |  88 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

SpaceRef Canada Interactive Inc. is a new media company focused on the space sector based out of London, Ontario and maintains this website. A separate company, SpaceRef Interactive Inc. is U.S. corporation based out of Reston, Virginia. That company maintains four online properties including, SpaceRef, SpaceRef Business, NASA Watch, and the Astrobiology Web.

SpaceRef is a pioneer in news aggregation but also creates original content in the form of timely news stories, coverage of ongoing events and unique editorial content.

SpaceRef is open to a variety of business oppor... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/03/10  |  188 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Off-World Exploration, Mining, & Technology

Neil C. Bhavsar reports that SpaceX well-known competitor in the private space industry, Blue Origin, is making strides in its effort to have private citizens breach the final frontier. While SpaceX prepares for its 2018 lunar mission, Blue Origin founder Jeff Bezos is confident his company will be able to send two astronauts to space by the end of 2017, with commercial flights following in 2018. He certainly does have a few good reasons for this confidence. In fact, soon, he will soon have six.

After six long years of development, Blue Origin has finally unveiled one of its BE-4 ro... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/03/12  |  54 Report Broken   Tell A Friend
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