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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Regulatory oversight of hydraulic fracturing treatments for shale gas, coalbed methane and other hydrocarbon wells that may occur near zones of potable water are currently regulated at the state level. Federal legislative efforts to regulate hydraulic fracturing are not necessary because the States have been successfully regulating this process for at least 50 years.

Statement:

AAPG opposes federally mandated regulation of hydraulic fracturing treatments, preferring regional regulatory expertise at the state level.

Permit procedures for fracturing within fresh-... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2011/09/06  |  465 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Art Swift reports that the practice of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, has emerged as a divisive issue across the U.S., reflected in American opinions about it. 40 per cent of Americans say they favor the procedure, while 40 per cent oppose it, and a substantial 19 per cent do not have an opinion. This is amid the Obama administration last week announcing the first nationwide safety rules for fracking.

Fracking is a process of drilling and injecting fluid into the ground at high pressures to fracture shale rocks and release natural gas inside. Developed in the 1940s, fracking be... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

David Biello has concluded that cheap oil (and gas) is undermining the success of nearly every climate cleanup plan. A few months ago at the Paris talks, President Obama and world leaders talked about the importance of reducing carbon dioxide pollution associated with burning coal, the largest source of greenhouse gases. So far there is only one way to do that without pulling the plug on coal altogether ... carbon capture and storage (CCS), a process by which CO2 is pulled from a smokestack before it escapes into the air and is then buried deep underground.

Nearly every plan to miti... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

At the request of the oil and natural gas industry, the Obama Administration will extend the public comment period on proposed Bureau of Land Management (BLM) rules governing hydraulic fracturing (fracking).
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

This report is a summary and a guide to core-based stress measurements. It covers anelastic strain recovery, circumferential velocity anistropy, differential strain curve analysis, differential wave velocity analysis, petrographic examination of microcracks, overcoming of archived core, measurements of the Kaiser effect, strength anisotropy tests, and analysis of coring-induced fractures. The report begins with a discussion of the stored energy within rocks, its release during coring, and the subsequent formation of relaxation microcracks.... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Michael Bastasch reports that a landmark U.S. DOE study found no evidence that hydraulic fracturing better known as fracking contaminated drinking water in western Pennsylvania. The DOE monitored wells for a year by injecting special tracers into fracking fluid to see whether any chemicals migrated up towards drinking water.

Researchers found that the fracking fluid stayed nearly a mile below drinking water supplies.The U S Environmental Protection Agency also has failed to find evidence of drinking-water contamination in three separate studies. The agency is currently in the proce... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

John Siciliano reports that the oil and gas industry fears the EPA may issue a new report that says fracking contaminates U.S. water supplies and is urging the agency to stick with the science of its original findings that shows no such risk exists.

The Independent Petroleum Association of America sent a letter Monday to EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy encouraging her not to give in to anti-fracking special interest groups that have been pressuring the EPA to go against scientific precedent with a finding that fossil fuel production from shale poses systemic risks to the national wa... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Bost, Magyar, and Campbell review environmental, health, and property damage issues raised by litigants opposing hydraulic fracturing and oil and gas production in Texas. The authors also review successful Daubert challenges that have barred speculative expert testimony in Texas. This paper provides an example of the kind of data presented by litigants as part of litigants risk assessment, identifies the flaws in the studies found by the court that barred similar testimony, and why experts opinions were barred.

Oil and gas exploration and production companies are facing increased ... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

John Fontana reports that EPA released a draft assessment on the potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing activities on drinking water resources in the U.S. The assessment, done at the request of Congress, shows that while hydraulic fracturing activities in the U.S. are carried out in a way that have not led to widespread, systemic impacts on drinking water resources, there are potential vulnerabilities in the water lifecycle that could impact drinking water. The assessment follows the water used for hydraulic fracturing from water acquisition, chemical mixing at the well pad site, well injec... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Benjamin Storrow reports that more than four years after he penned the explosive report linking fracking to contaminated drinking water outside of Pavillion, Dominic DiGiulio is releasing the study he always hoped the U.S. EPA would ... A rebuttal to the years of criticism levied against federal investigators.

The study by DiGiulio and fellow Stanford University researcher Robert Jackson concludes much of the alarm over the EPA 2011 draft report was warranted. Poor well construction, the proximity of shallow fracked wells to shallow drinking water sources and the prevalence of unlin... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Samantha Mathewson reports that Yale researchers have confirmed that hydraulic fracturing - also known as hydraulic fracking - does not contaminate drinking water. The process of extracting natural gas from deep underground wells using water has been given a bad reputation when it comes to the impact it has on water resources but Yale researchers recently disproved this myth in a new study that confirms a previous report by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducted earlier this year.

After analyzing 64 samples of groundwater collected from private residences in northeaster... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Welcome to our fracture studies by website. This site details our decades of work with natural fractures and their implications to production consist of: Fracture-controlled reservoir flow dynamics, Fracture-controlled production behavior, Better well placement, Better completion techniques,
EOR activities, Directional drilling, Structural interpretations and tectonic histories, and Increased ultimate recovery.
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Researchers from the University of Cincinnati recently studied the sources of methane at three sites across the nation in order to better understand this greenhouse gas, which is much more potent at trapping heat in the atmosphere than is carbon dioxide.

The UC team, led by Amy Townsend-Small, assistant professor of geology, identified sources for methane in Carroll County, Ohio, Denver, Colorado, and Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas, by means of an analysis technique that consists of measuring carbon and hydrogen stable isotopes (isotopic composition). This approach provides a signature in... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Given the present level of public interest in the possible commercial extraction of shale gas in the UK using hydraulic fracturing (fracking), we remind GSL Fellows that the Society has issued a number of resources which may be helpful in answering questions from friends and colleagues, such as

Briefing note on the geology of shale gas and its extraction - June 2012

Shale gas in the UK audio-visual resources from a public briefing meeting - June 2012

Suggested further reading - June 2012

Submission to parliamentary inquiry into the Impact of Shale ... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Mason Inman opines that In the mid-1950s, M. King Hubbert was the first to explain correctly how a new technique known as hydraulic fracturing, or, for short, fracking, actually worked. This excerpt covers how he solved the puzzle, and (with the help of his assistant) convinced others of his explanation. The study of fracking he and his assistant published in 1957 is now considered a classic, still cited often today.

At a 1954 conference, two oil companies, Stanolind on one side, Atlantic Refining on the other, got into a fierce debate about the physics behind hydraulic fracturing. ... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

A four-page fact-sheet produced by the American Petroleum Institute in 2008 that outlines the practice of hydraulic fracturing and the protective measures taken to avoid negative environmental impact.
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Sandstones that overlie or that are interbedded with evaporitic or other ductile strata commonly contain numerous localized domains of fractures, each covering an area of a few
square miles. Fractures within the Entrada Sandstone at the Salt Valley Anticline are associated with salt mobility within the underlying Paradox Formation. The fracture relationships observed at Salt Valley (along with examples from Paleozoic strata at the southern edge of the Holbrook basin in northeastern Arizona, and sandstones of the Frontier Formation along the western edge of the Green River basin in southwe... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

This two-day course is designed to familiarize participants with the basic aspects of behavior and characteristics of natural gas, and the common processes and equipment used in gas gathering and processing. This course is ideally suited to technical, operations and maintenance personnel involved in gas gathering and processing who have had limited exposure in this area, or for professionals involved in other areas of the petroleum industry who require a comprehensive overview of gas gathering and processing.

Date: Nov 17-18, 2009 - Houston, USA... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

John Perez Graphics and Design just released a trailer of their new animation.... Life Cycle of an Oil Well. It is a comprehensive overview of the process of drilling an oil well. The animation takes the viewer through 21 important steps from planning to reclamation. Months of project research, artwork, 3D modeling and animation have been spent to provide an excellent oilfield educational tool that is easy for the layperson to understand. Whether it is to show to employees, clients, investors, students, a jury or civic groups, this animation allows the viewer to gain a great deal of valuable i... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Natural gas is a clean fuel that will be the most important domestic energy resource for the first half the 21st century. Ensuring a stable supply is essential for our national energy security. The research we have undertaken will maximize the extractable volume of gas while minimizing the environmental impact of surface disturbances associated with drilling and production. This report describes a methodology for comprehensive evaluation and modeling of the total gas system within a basin focusing on problematic horizontal fluid flow variability. This has been accomplished through extensive us... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

The optimal recovery and use of U.S. oil & gas resources requires energy policies and environmental regulations based on credible scientific data, assumptions, and analyses. Before new technologies can be moved into commerce, their capabilities, cost, risk, and legality need to be determined. Argonne's Environmental Science Division (EVS) conducts independent feasibility studies of the technical, regulatory, economic, and risk aspects of promising oil field technologies to foster technology evaluation and implementation.... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

This report examines the lessons of history and current trends in oil and gas technology development and deployment to make predictions for the coming years. Since the beginning of the modern age of oil and gas, technology has played a fundamental role in supporting the efficient production of hydrocarbons. Oil and gas technologies are often destined for hostile, hard-to-reach environments such as deep offshore waters or in the high temperature and pressure encountered at the bottom of a well.
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Dr. Jeremy Boak, Director of the Oklahoma Geological Survey, advises that ...

1. Most earthquakes occur within crystalline basement.

2. They are deeper than most oil and gas operations.

3. Many salt water disposal wells may be in communication with crystalline basement.

4. Earthquakes occur on faults optimally and sub-optimally oriented within the Oklahoma tectonic stress regime (N85 Degrees E).

5. Both triggered and naturally occurring earthquakes release accumulated tectonic stress on these faults.

6. No documented case of ind... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

Dr. Conca reports that the Permian Basin oil field in southeast New Mexico and west Texas first started producing shortly after World War I. But almost 100 years later, it seems to keep getting better, and may become the world biggest oil field. A combination of new technologies and global price wars has kept the basin amazingly productive.

There is actually a word for this, it is called Permania. And it is on the lips of everyone in the Oil and Gas industry. Many huge oil fields are famous throughout the world. The Ghawar field in Saudi Arabia, discovered in 1948, is considered the... More →
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Index / Conventional Oil & Gas Resources / Production Technology and Hydraulic Fracturing

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