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Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements
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Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Abstract: An REE-rich carbonatite dyke was found in Dulahala, close to the Bayan Obo superlarge REE-Nb-Fe mineral deposit in Inner Mongolia, northern China. The REE content in the dyke varies greatly, from 1% up to 20% (wt), which might constitute rich REE ores. Light REEs in the carbonatite are enriched and highly fractionated relative to heavy REEs and there is no Eu anomaly. The REE and trace element distribution patterns of the carbonatite are identical to those of fine-grained dolomite marble which is the host rock of the Bayan Obo REE-Nb-Fe superlarge mineral deposit. This indicates a pe... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/04/18  |  267 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

The full title of this article is "Amoeboid Olivine Aggregates (AOAs) in the Efremovka (CVr) Chondite: First SIMS Trace Element Results. This 2-page article appeared the journal Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX (2008). The analysis revealed the presence of several rare earth elements.
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2009/09/05  |  375 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Hongpo Shen reports that China actual exported 24,826 tons of rare earth ore, metals and compounds in the first 11 months of 2014. Exports volume rose 24.75 per cent year-on-year, but the exports value declined 33.2 per cent to 341.1 million US dollars compared to the same period in 2013, according to the latest data released by the China Customs Statistics Information Center.

On December 31, 2014 China Ministry of Commerce -MOFCOM- and the General Administration of Customs - GAC - jointly issued the following two announcements, effective January 1, 2015 - Catalog of Commodities sub... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/01/04  |  202 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

The first rare earth exchange has amassed almost two billion yuan in trade for China since opening in March, 2014. Gu Ming, General Manager of the Baotou Rare Earth Products Exchange, said that by the end of September, more than 9,700 tonnes of rare earths have been traded, with the total turnover reaching 1.7 billion yuan (277 million U.S. dollars). The latest data is sufficient proof that the exchange has been in good operation.

Located in Baotou City, north China Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, the exchange was initiated by Baotou Steel Rare Earth (Group) Hi-Tech Co., China lea... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/10/07  |  215 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

World demand for rare-earth elements and the metal yttrium—which are crucial for novel electronic equipment and green-energy technologies—is increasing rapidly. Several types of seafloor sediment harbour high concentrations of these elements. However, seafloor sediments have not been regarded as a rare-earth element and yttrium resource, because data on the spatial distribution of these deposits are insufficient. Here, we report measurements of the elemental composition of over 2,000 seafloor sedi... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2011/07/04  |  387 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Fluid inclusion study has been carried out for the carbonatite dykes/veins and the ore-hosted dolostone of the Bayan Obo superlarge REE-Fe-Nb deposit in order to provide the evidence and constraint for their origin. Based on the detailed geological observation and mineralogical investigation, the heating and cooling stage and laser Raman spectroscopy were mainly used for the laboratory work of this study. Following results have been obtained: (1) The discovery of melt and melt-fluid inclusions from
carbonatite dykes/veins in the Dulahara and Jianshan Mountains, combined with the fine-grai... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/04/18  |  245 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Conglomerate Grupo Mexico, the largest mining company in Mexico, is considering expanding into rare earth metals, a group of elements of increasing importance in variety of industries including green technology, defense systems, consumer electronics, and high-tech applications.

The mining powerhouse may start at its operations in Sonora and Chihuahua states, which have already proven to have economically viable rare earths deposits. Later, the firm would expand further south in Oaxaca and Chiapas. The news come only weeks after the government announced it would begin funding explora... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/07/21  |  197 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

The Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of the Rare Earths, published in November, 2012, is a continuing authoritative series that deals with the science and technology of the rare earth elements in an integrated manner. Each chapter is a comprehensive, up-to-date, critical review of a particular segment of the field. The work offers the researcher and graduate student a complete and thorough coverage of this fascinating field.

The rare earths represent a group of chemical elements, the lanthanides, together with scandium and yttrium, which exhibit similar chemical properties. T... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/09/05  |  249 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Japanese researchers claim to have found billions of tonnes of "readily recoverable" rare earth elements on the Pacific Ocean floor. The geologists, led by the University of Tokyo's Yasuhiro Kato, said up to 100bn tonnes were present in sea mud at depths of 3,500-6,000 metres. "We show that rare-earth elements and yttrium are readily recovered from the mud by simple acid leaching, and suggest that deep-sea mud constitutes a highly promising huge resource for these elements," the researchers said in an article in UK-based journal Nature Geoscience. Resource-poor Japan is the... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2011/07/04  |  312 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Privately-held SRE Minerals on Wednesday announced the discovery in North Korea of what is believed to be the largest deposit of rare earth elements anywhere in the world. SRE also signed a joint venture agreement with the Korea Natural Resources Trading Corporation for rights to develop REE deposits at Jongju in the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea for the next 25 years with a further renewal period of 25 years. The joint venture company known as Pacific Century Rare Earth Mineral Limited, based in the British Virgin Islands, has also been granted permission for a processing plant on site... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/12/05  |  279 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Light rare-earth elements are found in Queensland, Australia and are increasingly used in green technology, thanks to their special properties. The rare-earth elements are a group of chemical elements that exhibit a range of special (even unique) properties are used in many modern technologies. The LREE group includes strategic elements that have only recently been exploited in significant quantities. They are now attracting interest because of likely new sources and their potential use in new technologies. Economically, global REE production is estimated at 112,500 tonnes, worth 4 to 6 billio... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/08/11  |  242 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

The Mexican Ministry of Economy will begin funding explorations projects to locate deposits of rare earth metals, a group of elements of increasing importance in variety of industries including green technology, defense systems, consumer electronics, and high-tech applications. According to the country Geological Survey - SGM, global demand for rare earths in 2016 will hit 160,000 tons, with China expected to produce up to 80 per cent of that demand, which leaves room for other suppliers, The Economista reports (in Spanish). The prediction coincides with the latest studies by the U.S. National... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/06/03  |  206 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Molycorp is the only advanced material manufacturer in the world that both controls a world-class rare earth resource and can produce high-purity, custom engineered rare earth products to meet increasingly demanding customer specifications. With 24 locations across 10 countries, the Company produces a wide variety of specialized products from all naturally occurring rare earths, i.e., lights, mids, and heavies, and five rare metals, e.g., gallium, indium, rhenium, tantalum, and niobium.

The Company produces rare earth magnetic materials through its Molycorp Magnequench subsidiary, ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/01/03  |  171 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

It is indisputable that modern life is enabled by the use of materials in its technologies. Those technologies do many things very well, largely because each material is used for purposes to which it is exquisitely fitted. The result over time has been a steady increase in product performance. We show that this materials complexity has markedly increased in the past half-century and that elemental life cycle analyses characterize rates of recycling and loss. A further concern is that of possible scarcity of some of the elements as their use increases. Should materials availability constraints ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/06/03  |  181 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

China is well known for having a monopoly on the production of rare earth elements (REEs), but what those involved in the industry may not realize is that it is also difficult to process REEs outside the Asian nation. That method is solvent extraction, an approach that is chemically intensive and expensive to undertake outside of China. Indeed, no one yet can be competitive with China using that same solvent extraction method.
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/07/10  |  199 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

The USGS Mineral Resources Program (MRP) provides scientific information for objective resource assessments and unbiased research results on mineral potential, production, consumption, and environmental effects. The MRP is the sole Federal source for this information. The MRP funds research to address two major program functions: Research and assessment provides information for land planners and decision makers about where mineral commodities are known and suspected in the Earth crust and about the environmental consequences of the presence of those commodities. MRP supports an on-going effort... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/04/15  |  262 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Previous investigations identified many potential REE occurrences in Wyoming, but lacked complete elemental analyses. The WSGS collected samples from numerous known, suspected, and potential REE host rocks and analyzed them for REE content as well as for other potential economic metals or elements. The limited timeframe for this project precluded collecting samples from all known or potential REE-hosting sites, however, the WSGS
collected a large number of samples. Notable REE enrichment occurs in a variety of geologic environments across Wyoming. These environments include carbonatites, ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/06/10  |  257 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Joanne Hart reports that lithium is in big demand. While doctors prescribe it as a treatment for bipolar disorder, the metal is also a key constituent of long-lasting batteries, the need for which has grown exponentially. Used in items ranging from pacemakers to power tools, lithium batteries are also an essential part of electronic devices, such as computers, tablets and mobiles. They are integral to electric cars as well, and as more hit the market, demand for lithium is expected to soar.

Rare Earth Minerals is well placed to benefit from this trend. The company owns a third of a ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/10/19  |  322 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Most of us have never even heard of rare earth elements or critical metals, yet they are deeply ingrained in the fabric of our 21st century lives, in ways of which we are totally unaware. There are 17 rare earths recorded in the Chemical Periodic Table.

These metals are used in our everyday lives, in car batteries and spark plugs, as additives to steel production, especially stainless steel, airplane wings and engines, flints for lighters, colors in glass vases, in powerful industrial magnets, florescent lights, optical fibers, glass polishing, lasers, X- ray machines, laptops, smar... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/01/24  |  208 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Abstract: Textural relationships occurring in a range of settings from the Bayan Obo Fe-REE-Nb deposit. indicate reaction between monazite [(REE)PO4], bastn?site [(REE)(CO3)F] and apatite. Within dolomite marble-hosted ores monazite grains occur surrounded by zones of intergrown bastn?site and apatite. In fluoritised dolomite marble-hosted amphibole-calcite veins, co-existing apatite and bastonsite are separated by zones of monazite plus calcite, whilst in aegirine-apatite veins hosted by banded aegirine-fluorite-magnetite-bastn?site rocks, they are separated by zones of monazite and fluorite.... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/04/18  |  212 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

A state better known for the mining of coal than of rare earth elements could in future be digging up more rare metals if the results of a new study are acted upon. Wyoming, home of the Powder River Basin where 90 percent of US producing coal mines are located, recently investigated the potential for Wyoming to expand into rare earths. In addition to coal, Wyoming also has substantial uranium reserves; the state produces 1.6 million pounds of uranium annually, about a third of all US production. A report from the Wyoming State Geological Survey summarized the findings of 289 samples from known... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/06/10  |  259 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Reference Links for the Bayan Obo Fe-Ree-Nb Deposit, Inner Mongolia, China:

[1] M. P. Smith, P. Henderson;Zhang Peishan Reaction Relationships in the Bayan Obo Fe-Ree-Nb Deposit Inner Mongolia, China: Implications for the Relative Stability of Rare-Earth Element Phosphates and Fluorocarbonates
[2] Metasomatic Silicate Chemistry at the Bayan Obo Fe Ree Nb Deposit, Inner Mongolia, China: Contrasting Chemistry and Evolution of Fenitising and Mineralising Fluids
[3] Markos Leggas, Yanli Zhuang, Jonathan Welden, Zack Self, Christopher M. Waters and Clinton F. Stewar Scandium-Be... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/04/18  |  378 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

From the famous Bayan Obo Nb-REE-Fe Deposit, Inner Mongolia, China, Aegirine, perrierite-(Ce), and ferrocolumbite, occurring in the Bayan Obo Nb-REE-Fe deposit contain appreciable amounts of scandium. The Sc2O3 content in aegirine (sample TS-15) was 0.34 1.81 wt% (with one exceptionally high value of 3.45%) with an average value of 1.19%. The Sc2O3 content of perrierite-(Ce) (TS-20) was 2.82 3.64% with an average value of 3.26%. In the ferrocolumbite samples (TS-16, TS-23), the Sc2O3 content was 0.20 0.25% with an average value of 0.22% in sample TS-16, and 0.56 1.04% with an average value of ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/04/18  |  259 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy Ames Laboratory in Iowa have discovered rare-earth-like magnetic properties in iron under some special circumstances, which may provide a new and more available ingredient for manufacturing electric motors and generators. The discovery opens the possibility of using iron to provide both the magnetism and permanence in high-strength permanent magnets, which are currently used for hybrid cars motors. There, electromagnets and permanent magnets transform electricity into mechanical movement. Iron gives those magnets their strength, but it still needs r... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/06/03  |  187 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Uranium (Nuclear Minerals) / Other, RTGs, Thorium, Helium-3 and Fusion Research / Rare Earth Elements

The first phase of a refinery pilot plant to extract uranium and rare earth metals from the Kvanefjeld deposit in Greenland has met or exceeded its targets during a 250-hour test run. Greenland Minerals and Energy Ltd is working to develop the process route for the Kvanefjeld project in southern Greenland, which comprises several large multi-element deposits. Resource estimates announced in February include 593 million pounds U3O8 (228,100 tU) and 11.13 million tonnes TREO (total rare earth oxide).

The plant, at the research laboratories of minerals processing specialist, Outotec in... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/09/25  |  252 Report Broken   Tell A Friend
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