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Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses
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Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Teresa Matich reports that at the start of 2015, analysts had hoped that rare earth prices would stabilize over the course of the year. Unfortunately, that did not happen. Rare earth prices fell even further, leading U.S. rare-earths producer Molycorp to file for bankruptcy protection and put its Mountain Pass mine on care and maintenance.

That was the biggest rare earth news of the year, but there have been other stories of note as well. For example, Ucore Rare Metals reported in March that it had successfully separated each of the rare-earth elements from a pregnant leach solution... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/12/31  |  244 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Matt Geiger opines that if there is one thing clear from the first few weeks in the White House, it is that the man relishes conflict. Political opponents, federal judges, trade partners, steadfast allies, it does not matter. If there is a conflict to be had, the new guy will seek it out. So far, China has been spared from his outbursts. This will not last for long.

When presented with conflict, China has not hesitated to cut exports of strategically important metals. Most recently, in 2010 the Chinese government shut down rare-earth exports to Japan virtually overnight, due to a te... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/02/14  |  110 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

In March, 2012, Nicholas Jepson released his dissertation that examines the peculiar structure of the rare earth elements industry, a sector dominated by China, and the global implications of current upheavals within the sector, especially as they concern South African (re)emerging rare earths production. REEs are a hitherto obscure group of metals that have now assumed global significance.

There are also two other forms of international response. First, there is demand destruction either through increased efficiency in REE usage, substitution or recycling of rare earths. Secondly... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/02/11  |  300 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Scott Koperski reports that following an announcement late last month that a company has successfully tested a scale cell for harvesting rare-earth elements from would-be mining waste, Rare Earth Salts has announced a new partnership in a program to recycle light bulbs. The Beatrice, Nebraska startup company signed a five-year commercial agreement with Rare Earth Recovery Sciences (RERS) to produce separated rare-earth oxides in Beatrice.

Rare Earth Recovery Sciences is a buyer of retorted phosphor powder from fluorescent light bulb. The agreement will launch the company to the prod... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/02/09  |  291 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Greg Klein reports that Canada has an ambitious goal to supply 20% of the world critical REEs by 2018. That is the target set by the Canadian Rare Earth Elements Network. While CREEN chairperson, Ian London, concedes the plan might not be fulfilled soon, he emphasizes that Canada has about a third of the non-Chinese advanced rare earths projects in the world, more than a third of the known critical rare earths resources in the world and a greater degree of rare earths expertise than many people realize.

The 2018 target was set a year ago, based on the fact that Canada has nine rare... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/10/20  |  293 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Zhehan Weng et al., report that in 2015 the global rare earth oxides (REO) market was dominated by Chinese production, which peaked in 2006 at 133,000 tonnes REO per year, accounting for some 97.1% of global production, causing concern about the long-term supply of REE resources. Although the REE consist of 17 individual elements (15 lanthanides plus scandium and yttrium) that are hosted by numerous types of mineralization, the relatively modest scale of the global REE mining sector has limited our knowledge of REE mineral resources and mineralizing systems compared to metals such as copper an... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/06/14  |  39 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

David Merriman of Roskill Consulting Group Ltd., reported in 2013 on the occurrences of rare earths, their geological settings, main ore minerals, and reviewed the historical and current rare earth supply.

Pre-1990s, he also discussed post-Chinese dominance - 1990-Present, current production and progress of exploration, future supply of rare earths, availability of rare earths in China, recycling, and discussed a forecast of REE supplies.
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/02/25  |  288 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Afghanistan and Kazakhstan, two countries in Central Asia, may become new global centers of rare earth metals production during the next several years, according to recent statements of some U.S. and Russian scientists.

In the case of Afghanistan, according to recent studies, conducted by the US Geological Survey - USGS, total value of the country rare and rare earth metals, is estimated at 1 trillion U.S. dollars. In their studies, the U.S. geologists used the Soviet maps, which were prepared by Soviet scientists in 1979-1980. At that period of time the USSR had plans for the estab... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/03/15  |  294 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Ian Coles and Mayer Brown report that vital for so many modern technologies, rare earths remain among the most sought-after minerals on the planet. It was recently suggested at the AASS that the sea beds should be mined for them.

Currently, global demand is met largely by China. However, the fact that Rainbow Rare Earths, which owns a project in Burundi, successfully listed on the London Stock Exchange at the end of January has prompted speculation that China dominance may finally be challenged. Such talk may be premature but it does suggest that now is a good time to assess the cur... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/04/14  |  99 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

The Alstom Corporation, amongst other transporation modes, contructs very high speed trains that use samarium-cobalt (SmCo) magnets in their motors. Samarium is one of the rare earth oxides that have been identified in lunar deposits. Control of these deposits will have an impact on the development of low-carbon footprint transportation in the coming decades.
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2009/09/04  |  539 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Dr. Conca reports that debate erupted a while ago that maybe they are. A major determining factor is the energy we use to mine the iron, lithium (Li) and rare earth elements (REEs), to smelt and process the raw materials, and to transport all these materials in order to manufacture the cars, the batteries and everything associated with them. But the most important question is how you charge them once they are made. Even more important is how you charge 100,000,000 of them 20 years from now. If it is not with nuclear and renewables, then things get problematic. A 2010 National Academy of Scienc... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2013/12/09  |  415 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Mike Fredenburg opines that the U.S. government did nothing as we became completely dependent on other countries to supply us with defense-critical rare-earth elements. That the country we are now dependent on for REEs is China, a hostile power, is unforgivable.

China is not our friend. Any objective analysis of its actions and comments over the last 30 years would conclude that Beijing views the U.S. as its primary enemy. That is why Republican congressman (and former Marine) Duncan Hunter of California has proposed a bill to redress this dangerous situation by allocating 1% of th... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/04/12  |  79 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Rowena Ryan tells us that Baotou is the biggest supplier of rare earth minerals, which are used to make new technologies, and she claims it to be like hell on Earth. This pastureland turned wasteland on the edge of the Gobi desert is said to be a toxic nightmare, evidence of the horrific effect the pursuit of consumerism has had on Earth. A trip was undertaken by designers Liam Young and Kate Davies from Unknown Fields, a nomadic design studio from London that travels around the world to explore the sacrifices made on our landscape to produce contemporary cities and technologies, aka Luddites?... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/04/19  |  306 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

The Mumbai Express News Service reports that for the first time in the country, the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) has developed a technology for preparing magnetic alloy powders from raw materials found in India to manufacture rare-earth magnets.

The Indian Rare Earths Limited (IREL) will use the technology to manufacture the magnets. According to experts, this development is significant as it signals self-reliance in rare-earth magnets to meet the Indian needs and for export. Rare-earth magnets are permanent magnets with high-energy density, which implies that a small volum... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/10/11  |  327 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Hongpo Shen reports that China customs administration published preliminary exports data on Saturday, shows that the country rare earths exports in July, by volume, climbed to a three-year high on a monthly basis. The soaring exports comes at a time of general anxiety in the Chinese rare-earths industry, where the Beijing failure to control rare earths, have resulted in a collapse in rare-earth prices.

Following two consecutive monthly increases (2618 tons in May and 3219 tons in June), in July alone, China rare earths exports surged 103.39% year on year to 3,659 tons, hitting the h... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/08/11  |  372 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Mining giant BHP Billiton is unlikely to approve a long awaited expansion of its Olympic Dam copper and uranium mine in South Australia outback this decade. This news comes as the biggest miner disclosed plans to build a pilot processing plant at the mine and conduct a four-year long trial of a processing method BHP hopes will help make the project profitable.

The miner, which put the US 33 billion dollar expansion plan on hold two years ago, as a result of falling commodity prices and higher costs, was supposed to begin work at the site last year. Doubts about the lauded project fi... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/07/30  |  293 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

The New Europe blog reports that a British National Oceanographic expedition discovered an underwater rare earth deposit in the Atlantic, 500 km from the Canary Islands, which is astonishingly rich in the substance called Tellurium.

The BBC reports that the underwater tellurium deposit is found in concentrations 50,000 times higher than in deposits on land. The metal is used for the construction of wind turbines, solar panels, and electronic appliances.

The question on whether to mine the 3,000-meter underwater mountain known as Tropic Seamount raises environmental concer... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/04/13  |  97 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Aparna Chandrashekar reports that in the world over, debate about mining (or not) for a greener future is getting more intense each day. With growing concerns about the global temperatures, it is but a valid question to ask whether it is acceptable to mine or not to mine. Chief Executive of Straterra, an industry group representing the New Zealand mineral sector, Chris Baker opines that mining is essential to life and that you either grow it or dig it. He believes that the green economy will require more mining, not less. In building his case, he first notes that one of the problems with gree... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2014/03/13  |  342 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Jason Fekete reports that Canada is quietly staking its claim to being a global leader in a growing multibillion-dollar industry largely unknown to most Canadians but deemed by the government as critical to the economy of Canada.

Canadian extractive companies, in collaboration with the federal government and other groups, have launched more than 200 exploration projects targeting what are called rare earth elements. These potentially lucrative rare earths which include the 15 lanthanide metals on the periodic table plus scandium and yttrium are increasingly sought after by several m... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/03/26  |  326 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Robin Bromby reports that an important quote was included in a paper written a couple of months ago for the London-based Royal Society of Chemistry by David Abraham, Director of the Technology, Rare and Electronic Materials Center in Washington, DC. The Abraham comments, and some new developments this week, add evidence to the strong case made here in InvestorIntel by Jack Lifton that, essentially, China wants to maintain its rare earth hegemony.

This week we have seen:

1. Fears expressed from South Korea that China could disrupt REE supplies if it takes offence to Seoul ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/08/11  |  210 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Paige reports that Rare Earth Minerals are growing in demand, becoming a necessary and controversial commodity in today trade in production.Their status as a natural resource that is essential to the advancement of defense, technology, and clean energy will only be elevated as technology advances.

Although the REM trade has sparked backlash from environmental watch dogs, it is becoming more apparent that they are taking hold as the new oil in the natural commodities market. What makes REMs so rare is not their quantity on earth, which is abundant, but instead the amount of time and ... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/04/13  |  93 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Rare earths, also known as rare earth metals or rare-earth elements, collectively refers to the lanthanides (a group name that include 15 elements) and closely-related scandium and yttrium. As a crucial strategic resource, it is mainly contained in bastnaesite, xenotime, monazite, allanite, and other minerals. At present, rare-earth resources have been discovered in about 35 countries and regions around the world, with total reserves of 130 million tons, of which 42.3% are owned by China alone. With increasing discoveries around the world, the percentage will decrease in the future.

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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/06/23  |  313 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

CREQ back to 2013 and more published by Shanghai Metals Market

Q1 -2015 Highlights:

Market Outlook: Rare earth prices are expected to rise significantly in 2015, driven by robust demand growth in new energy vehicle and other new markets, such as rare earth functional ceramics and PVC.

Demand: Operating rates at rare earth downstream sectors held largely stable in Q1. The average operating rate was 67% at permanent magnet sector, 13% at fluorescent powder sector, 30% at hydro-storage alloy powder sector, and 30% at polishing sector.

Macro Front: Chin... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2015/06/24  |  297 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Richard Karn reports that a fundamental roadblock to globalization that we are far from overcoming is simply that different cultures and economic systems have different ways of conducting themselves and doing business. Human nature is such that we tend to believe everyone thinks and acts broadly as we do.

Western companies all too often make assumptions regarding things we take for granted, such as the profit motive or the sanctity of contractual law and property rights, that can be easily exploited by their counterparts in developing countries where such notions are often lax and s... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2016/08/09  |  220 Report Broken   Tell A Friend

Index / Mining & Minerals - Evaluations / Rare Earth Exploration, Mining, Processing, Uses

Frik Els reports that REE demand will boom from 2020 onwards as growth rates of top end-use categories including electric vehicles, wind turbines and other hi-tech applications accelerate. Among the high-level findings of the report ...

Government-Led Initiatives will Fuel over Half of All New Demand Growth through 2025. Global rare earth demand has become inextricably and inadvertently linked to government policies, regulations, mandates, and initiatives concerning electric mobility, clean power generation, energy efficiency, greenhouse gas emissions, urbanization, and industry mod... More →
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Find Out More »  |  Open Resource  |  2017/01/03  |  135 Report Broken   Tell A Friend
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