This I2M Web Portal is made available to Clients, Associates, geoscientists, and the general public worldwide with a focus on geoscientific and other matters of interest to I2M management. Topical categories are presented below. The emphasis of the Web portal’s coverage to date is illustrated here. Searches can be conducted using single words, phrases or exact phrases (if you put them in quotes), for example: a simple phrase might be Russian interests in U.S. uranium whereas an exact phrase is "vapor intrusion". I2M Associates personnel also monitor hazardous field conditions around the world via our Field Alerts program, cybersecurity conditions on the Internet in our Security Alert program, and relevant bias in the Media in our Confronting Media Bias Alerts program. Please feel free to contact us if you have any questions, comments or suggestions.
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Resources relating to astrogeology, off-world natural resource exploration and development, planet defense, and associated news of space developments. Also including information related to off-world activities, such as the development of robotics and to serious reports of extraterrestrial life that may create unintended consequences for humans.

Biological resources relating to natural-resource development, environmental remediation, and conservation.

Biomass and derived biofuels related resources...
Climate Change (Global Warming or Cooling) resources and related issues, both political and technical, including CO2 sequestration, and Anthropocene issues.
Society conflicts, and training issues involving various Agencies, Colleges, Universities... as well as those related to Non-Science Issues (Creationism, Intelligent Design, etc.).
Resources relating to mining and environmental topics on natural resource development and industrial remediation.

Various useful resources such as related research journals, technical tools, databases, glossaries...
Geo- and hydrochemistry resources relating to oil & gas development and the various associated fields of interest.

Geophysics, Environmental, Geological, Geotech subjects that apply to energy, mining and environmental issues of the day, and the associated applications of interest to I2M management.

Geospatial resources relating to oil & gas development and the associated energy, mining and environmental uses and applications.

Health and safety resources related to traveling overseas, mining, oil and gas development and production and environmental projects. Also includes cyber-security issues.

Related to hydroelectric dams and pumped storage of water to create electrical or mechanical power.

The latest resources involving hydrogeology, geology, and the related environmental issues...
Resources with distinct international impacts that may or may not have applications in the U.S. To this must added recent ideas on society responses to future issues related to natural resource development and use.

Information related nuclear power plants, nuclear power generation of electricity, associated economics, SMRs

Includes all oil and gas-related resources, i.e., gas hydrates, oil sand, tar sands, etc.
Local, national, and international geological societies and associations.

This category includes discussions on rare earth deposits, mining and associated economic assessments
Risk Assessment subjects associated with natural occurrences or with those applicable to mining, oil & gas, or other industrial activities and their waste products.

Toxicological-related resources associated with natural occurrences or those applicable to mining, oil & gas, or other industrial activities and waste products.

Resources relating only to current weather and associated tools. For long-term issues, see the Climate Change category above.

Latest 10 Resources

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Abzalov reports that sandstone uranium deposits represent uranium concentrations formed by low-temperature hydrothermal processes, usually of diagenetic to epigenetic origin. The deposits are commonly hosted in arkosic sandstone and are therefore referred to as sandstone-type uranium. Globally, this is the most abundant type of uranium mineralisation, containing approximately 28% of the world’s uranium resources and including several giant deposits with resources exceeding 100 kt of uranium. The main uranium minerals are pitchblende and coffi...

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Marat Abzalov of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Applied Earth Science, (121:2, 54-54, DOI: 10.1179/1743275812Z.00000000034) has drawn together five papers for a special issue on uranium deposits that are amenable to in-situ leaching. Such deposits are usually found in sandstone sequences and are difficult to mine beneath the water table by conventional underground techniques. Part of this difficulty stems from the permeable and unconsolidated nature of the host sediments but the same characteristics mean that uranium can be extracted b...

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J.A. Davis, and G.P. Curtis report that some mining processes use fluids to dissolve (or leach) a mineral from an ore deposit in the ground. Although these “in-situ” leach mining techniques are considered more environmentally benign then traditional mining and milling practices they still tend to contaminate the groundwater (temporarily and within the mineralized zone). For this reason, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) requires licensees to ensure that sufficient funds are maintained by the licensee for restoration of the site t...

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from the IAEA Nuclear Energy Series, Report No. NF-T-1.4 is their 2017 version on in situ leach (ISL) mining, also called in situ leaching or in situ recovery (ISR) mining (these terms are considered to be synonomous in this publication), has become a standard uranium mining production method. In this report, ISL mining refers to a special form of solution mining applied to ore deposits in sedimentary, saturated aquifers by using injection and extraction wells from the surface. This report does not include detailed consideration of any kind of...

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Climate Matters - In this show from COP-23, Dr. James Hansen and Michael Shellenberger present a compelling case for re-evaluating the role that a modern generation of nuclear power must play in the world's energy mix if we are to avert a climate catastrophe of immense proportions. Be prepared to possibly have some of your own personal fears and biases challenged in what will may be to you a controversial presentation.


A video of conference proceedings.

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This is a brief update since the 2017 Annual Report from the Chair, EMD Uranium (Nuclear and Rare Earth) Committee, prior to the 2017 Mid-Year Report to be released in December. Some 99 nuclear power plants in the U.S. remain in operation, a few are scheduled for retirement, two new reactors are being built in Georgia. Japan is slowly upgrading and re-starting its fleet of nuclear power plants after Fukushima. China is rapidly building some 25 new plants and hundreds more are planned, along with financially underwriting the construction of more...

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After more than a decade of being on standby, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory resumed operations at the Transient Reactor Test Facility. TREAT tests nuclear reactor fuels and materials under extreme conditions, and can produce bursts of energy more than five times more powerful than a commercial power plant, allowing scientists to examine fuel performance. “The Department of Energy’s decision to restore transient testing capability at INL is part of our efforts to revitalize the nation’s nuclear energy capaci...

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2017 Update:


  • There is a continuing strong interest in small and simpler units for generating electricity from nuclear power, and for process heat.

  • This interest in small and medium nuclear power reactors is driven both by a desire to reduce the impact of capital costs and to provide power away from large grid systems.

  • The technologies involved are numerous and very diverse.

As nuclear power generation has become established since the 1950s, the size of reactor units has grown from 60 MWe to more than 1600 MWe, with corresponding economi...

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2017 Update:


  • Molten salt reactors operated in the 1960s.

  • They are seen as a promising technology today principally as a thorium fuel cycle prospect or for using spent LWR fuel.

  • A variety of designs is being developed, some as fast neutron types.

  • Global research is currently led by China.

  • Some have solid fuel similar to HTR fuel, others have fuel dissolved in the molten salt coolant.

Molten salt reactors (MSRs) use molten fluoride salts as primary coolant, at low pressure. This itself is not a radical departure when the fuel is solid...

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WNN reports that the vendor design review provides an opportunity for CNSC staff to assess a design prior to any licensing activities, enabling the vendor to identify potential issues that would require resolution. Phase 1 of the review determines whether the vendor is demonstrating intent to be compliant with CNSC requirements in its design processes and outcomes.


The CNSC announced yesterday that, based on the documentation submitted by Terrestrial Energy, the company had demonstrated an understanding of the regulator's requirements applica...

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Resource Portal for I2M Clients, Associates, and Geoscientists
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